klotz: nlp*

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  1. This article explores how to boost the performance of small language models by using supervision from larger ones through knowledge distillation. The article provides a step-by-step guide on how to distill knowledge from a teacher model (LLama 2–70B) to a student model (Tiny-LLama) using unlabeled in-domain data and targeted prompting.
  2. This article explores the application of XML Schema in AI systems and prompts. XML Schema provides a structured way to describe and validate data, making it an essential tool for AI systems that deal with data. The author discusses how XML Schema can be used to create and manage data in AI applications, such as speech recognition and natural language processing. The article also covers the benefits of using XML Schema in AI systems, including improved data consistency, interoperability, and security. Lastly, the author provides some examples of XML Schema usage in AI systems and discusses the future of XML Schema in AI technology.
    2024-04-04 Tags: , , , , by klotz
  3. ColBERT is a new way of scoring passage relevance using a BERT language model that substantially solves the problems with dense passage retrieval.
  4. Andrej Karpathy's recommended paper reading list, covering various aspects of Language Models (LLMs), including attention mechanisms, unsupervised multi-task learning (GPT-2), instruction-following language models (InstructGPT), LLaMA, reinforcement learning from human feedback (RLAIF), and early experiments of GPT-4, offering insights into significant research developments in LLM and their role in AI landscape, benefiting both novice and experienced AI enthusiasts.
  5. - Challenges in measuring similarity between unstructured text data like movie descriptions.
    - Simple NLP methods may not yield meaningful results; thus, a controlled vocabulary is proposed.
    - Using an LLM, a genre list is generated for movie titles, which helps improve the similarity model.
    A function is created to find the most similar movies to a given title based on cosine similarity scores.
    Network visualization highlights clusters of genres linked via movies, showcasing potential improvements in recommender systems.
    2024-02-10 Tags: , , , , , by klotz
  6. - Embeddings transform words and sentences into sequences of numbers for computers to understand language.
    - This technology powers tools like Siri, Alexa, Google Translate, and generative AI systems like ChatGPT, Bard, and DALL-E.
    - In the early days, embeddings were crafted by hand, which was time-consuming and couldn't adapt to language nuances easily.
    - The 3D hand-crafted embedding app provides an interactive experience to understand this concept.
    - The star visualization method offers an intuitive way to understand word embeddings.
    - Machine learning models like Word2Vec and GloVe revolutionized the generation of word embeddings from large text datasets.
    - Universal Sentence Encoder (USE) extends the concept of word embeddings to entire sentences.
    - TensorFlow Projector is an advanced tool to interactively explore high-dimensional data like word and sentence embeddings.
  7. With deep learning, the ROI for having clean and high quality data is immense, and this is realized in every phase of training. For context, the era right before BERT in the text classification world was one where you wanted an abundance of data, even at the expense of quality. It was more important to have representation via examples than for the examples to be perfect. This is because many Al systems did not use pre-trained embeddings (or they weren't any good, anyway) that could be leveraged by a model to apply practical generalizability. In 2018, BERT was a breakthrough for down-stream text tasks,
    2023-11-11 Tags: , , , , by klotz

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